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Professor Julian Savulescu
Uehiro Chair in Practical Ethics, Director - Institute for Science and Ethics
Julian Savulescu's areas of research include: the ethics of genetics, especially predictive genetic testing, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, prenatal testing, behavioural genetics, genetic enhancement, gene therapy. Research ethics, especially ethics of embryo research, including embryonic stem cell research. New forms of reproduction, including cloning and assisted reproduction. Medical ethics, including end of life decision-making, resource allocation, consent, confidentiality, decision-making involving incompetent people, and other areas. Sports ethics. The analytic philosophical basis of practical ethics. Julian is a founder member of the Hinxton Group.
Dr Stephen Clarke
James Martin Research Fellow
Steve Clarke is a Senior Research Associate in the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and a Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Charles Sturt University. He is currently a Chief Investigator on an Australian Research Council Discovery Grant, together with Julian Savulescu and C.A.J. Coady: ‘Moral Conservatism, Human Enhancement and the “Affective Revolution” in Moral Psychology’ (2013-15). He is the author of over sixty papers in refereed journals and edited collections, as well as two books, including The Justification of Religious Violence, Malden MA, Wiley-Blackwell, forthcoming. He is also a co-editor of three books. The most recent of these is Clarke, S., Powell, R. and Savulescu. J. (eds.) 2013. Religion, Intolerance and Conflict: a Scientific and Conceptual Investigation, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Fields of special interest: Philosophy of Science, Bioethics, Applied Philosophy, Moral Psychology, Cognitive Science of Religion.
Dr Tom Douglas
James Martin Research Fellow
Tom Douglas is a Senior Research Fellow in the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and a Golding Junior Fellow at Brasenose College. He is also Principal Investigator on the Wellcome Trust-funded project 'Neurointerventions in Crime Prevention: An Ethical Analysis' and Lead Researcher in the Oxford Martin Programme on Collective Responsibility for Infectious Disease. He initially qualified as a medical doctor at the University of Otago (New Zealand) before taking up a Rhodes Scholarship in Oxford, where he received his BA in Philosophy, Politics & Economics in 2005, and his DPhil in Philosophy in 2010. From 2010-2013 he was a Wellcome Trust Research Fellow in the Uehiro Centre and a Junior Research Fellow at Balliol College. Tom’s research lies mainly in practical and normative ethics. In practical ethics, his work focuses on the ethics of using medical technologies for 'non-medical' purposes, such as crime prevention and behaviour change. In normative ethics he is primarily interested in the nature of moral improvement and in tensions between special obligations and requirements of fairness. Previously, he has written on slippery slope arguments, organ donation policy, the philosophical foundations of injury compensation law, and the dual-use dilemma.
Brian Earp is a Research Associate in the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and a Consultant working with the Institute for Science and Ethics at Oxford's Martin School. Brian completed his MSc. in experimental psychology as a Henry Fellow of New College, Oxford; and received his undergraduate degree from Yale, where he studied cognitive science and philosophy and was elected President of the Yale Philosophy Society. Serving as Editor-in-Chief of both the international Yale Philosophy Review and the Yale Review of Undergraduate Research in Psychology, Brian also conducted extensive experimental research in a number of areas, generally touching on unconscious or automatic mental processes. With Professor Julian Savulescu, Brian is authoring a book on the neuroenhancement of love and marriage, to be completed this year. Brian is also a professional actor and singer, whose performance reel can be seen here Brian's academic page is here: http://oxford.academia.edu/BrianEarp.
Dr Bennett Foddy
Deputy Director and Senior James Martin Research Fellow
Bennett Foddy is deputy director and senior research fellow in the Oxford Martin School's Institute for Science and Ethics. Until May 2010, he was the Harold T Shapiro Postdoctoral Fellow in Bioethics at Princeton University. He is currently developing an introductory book on Neuroethics and completing another manuscript on the responsibility of drug addicts. Bennett Foddy is the author of various articles on topics in neuroethics and the ethics of human enhancement, recently including "A Duty To Deceive: Placebos in Clinical Practice" in American Journal of Bioethics, "Addicted to Food, Hungry for Drugs" in Neuroethics, “A Liberal Account of Addiction”, in Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology with Julian Savulescu, and "Time to Reevaluate Gender Selection in Athletics?", forthcoming in British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Professor Bill Fulford
Professor of Philosophy and Mental Health, University of Warwick; Member of the Philosophy Faculty and Honorary Consultant Psychiatrist, University of Oxford; Co-Director, Institute for Philosophy, Diversity and Mental Health, University of Central Lancashire; Special Adviser for Values-Based Practice, Department of Health, London; and Editor, Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology.
Dr Guy Kahane
Dr Kahane is Deputy Director of the Uehiro Centre, and Deputy Director of the Oxford Centre for Neuroethics. He is also a Research Fellow at Pembroke College. Kahane is a recipient of a Wellcome Trust University Award, and will be University Lecturer in Practical Ethics at Oxford from 2014. He has a B.A. in philosophy and psychology from Tel Aviv University, and B.Phil. and D.Phil. degrees from Oxford University. Kahane’s research interests include practical ethics, neuroethics, meta-ethics and value theory. Kahane is particularly interested in evolutionary, psychological and neuroscientific accounts of morality, and their possible ethical implication. He is also actively engaged in using neuroimaging and other empirical methods to study moral cognition.
Professor Neil Levy
Professor Neil Levy specialises in free will and moral responsibility, and empirical approaches to ethics. He has published widely on many topics in philosophy, including bioethics, applied philosophy, continental philosophy and free will. He is the author of 4 books and over 50 articles in refereed journals. He has written a book on neuroethics for Cambridge University Press (2007).
Ingmar Persson is Professor of Practical Philosophy at Göteborg University, Sweden. His fields of research are ethics and the philosophy of mind and action. His principal publication is The Retreat of Reason: A Dilemma in the Philosophy of Life (OUP 2005). With Julian Savulescu, he is currently writing a book, Fit for the Future, about the mismatch between our moral psychology, which appears to be shaped for life in small communities with simple technology, and the problems we face in modern societies with millions of citizens and a powerful scientific technology.
Dr Anders Sandberg
Anders Sandberg’s research at the Future of Humanity Institute centres on societal and ethical issues surrounding human enhancement and new technology, as well as estimating the capabilities and underlying science of future technologies. Topics of particular interest include enhancement of cognition, cognitive biases, technology-enabled collective intelligence, neuroethics and public policy. He has worked on this within the EU project ENHANCE, where he also was responsible for public outreach and online presence. Besides scientific publications in neuroscience, ethics and future studies he has also participated in the public debate about human enhancement internationally. Anders also holds an AXA Research Fellowship. He has a background in computer science, neuroscience and medical engineering. He obtained his Ph.D. in computational neuroscience from Stockholm University, Sweden, for work on neural network modeling of human memory. He has also been the scientific producer for the major neuroscience exhibition "Se Hjärnan!" ("Behold the Brain!"), organized by Swedish Travelling Exhibitions, the Swedish Research Council and the Knowledge Foundation that toured Sweden 2005-2007. He is co-founder and writer for the think tank Eudoxa.
Dr Nicholas Shea
Oxford Science of the Mind Project
Nicholas Shea specialises in philosophy of psychology and philosophy of mind. His research focuses on theories of representational content, both in human minds, and in simpler systems like artificial neural networks and the subpersonal mechanisms found in humans and other animals.
Dr Mark Sheehan
James Martin Research Fellow
Mark Sheehan is Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (BRC) Ethics Fellow at the Ethox Centre and a James Martin Research Fellow in the Institute for Science and Ethics. He received his PhD in Philosophy from The City University of New York, where his PhD thesis was on the nature of moral judgements. Prior to his PhD, he received an MA (Hons) and a BA (Hons)/BSc from the University of Melbourne. Prior to coming to Oxford he was a lecturer in the Centre for Professional Ethics at Keele University, Ethics Fellow at the Mt. Sinai Medical School, New York and Adjunct Lecturer in the Philosophy Department at The City College of New York. As BRC Ethics Fellow, Mark is involved in Research Ethics and Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) across the Oxford NIHR BRC themes. This involvement includes discussions with researchers about research ethics issues in their work, collaborating on research proposals with ethical components and conducting research on issues in research ethics, ethics generally and PPI that engage with the research themes within the BRC. As a member of the Institute for Science and Ethics, Mark is involved in research identifying and critically analysing ethical issues and problems arising in stem cell science, cloning, artificial reproduction and genetics. The Institute is part of the Oxford Martin School and so he is also involved in a number of collaborations with other parts of the School. Mark has set up and teaches (with the considerable help of colleagues) a series of sessions on research ethics aimed at researchers in the Medical Sciences Division and at the Oxford Radcliffe Hospital. From Hilary term 2011 he will lead (again with the help of colleagues) a seminar series in the Centre for Doctoral Training in Healthcare Innovation in the Institute for Biomedical engineering on the ethics and biotechnology. He also teaches Medical Ethics and Law to the Graduate Entry Medical students at the Medical School and lectures on the Medical Law and Ethics course in the Law School. He has published in such journals as the Journal of Applied Philosophy, the Journal of Medical Ethics, the Cambridge Quarterly on Healthcare Ethics and the American Journal of Bioethics. With colleagues from the Centre for Professional Ethics at Keele University, he has just completed an EU-funded textbook on research ethics. He is a member of the Advisory Group for National Specialised Services (AGNSS) and the Thames Valley Priorities Forum (MOBBB) for the South Central Strategic Health Authority. He also sits on the University’s Social Sciences and Humanities Inter-Divisional Research Ethics Committee and is an external member of the Goldsmith’s Research Ethics Committee. He is a Senior Research Fellow in Philosophy at St. Benet’s Hall. Current Research Themes: 1.Research Ethics and Governance 2.Ethics and Reproductive Technologies 3.Ethical issues in Resource Allocation 4.Commercialisation and Health 5.Methodology in Applied Ethics and Bioethics
Dr Peter Taylor
Dr Peter Taylor is a Research Fellow concentrating on the area of risk with the Institute for Science and Ethics and the Oxford Martin School. Peter spent 25 years working in the Lloyd's insurance market where he has managed IT and loss modelling departments and led and participated in many projects. He has been a director of insurance broking and underwriting companies and market organisations, and helped to establish the Lighthill Risk Network, a non-profit organisation that brings together the business and scientific communities for their mutual benefit. Peter is still an active consultant in the City of London, but spends as much time as he can working with the Program. Peter has a long-standing interest in all aspects of risk, whether in insurance or in science generally, particularly the practical application of the theory of risk, and the analysis of emerging risks. Peter has a background in the foundations of quantum theory for which he was awarded his D. Phil at Oxford, and in July 2007 organised the Everett@50 Conference at the Philosophy Centre in Oxford. Peter makes regular conference speeches to the insurance industry on the subject of risk and has, since June 2010, worked on Solvency II consultancy and software and in 2012 helped found the not-for-profit Oasis Loss Modelling Framework for open source catastrophe loss modelling.